Tragedy to turnaround
How 15 teen driving deaths in 15 months spurred a community into action
It was Sept. 30 when Lisa Scott, a mother of three, was watching the 10 o’clock news and saw the breaking news alert: A 16-year-old boy lost control of his speeding vehicle and struck a tree, killing himself and his two 15-year-old passengers. The driver had his license for a week. To make matters worse, it was the second teen car crash in the county in six months.
Scott, who couldn’t help but think of her oldest son, Drew, also a new driver, calls the news “terrifying,” adding, “You are sending your most precious cargo off in that vehicle.”
The teens in the September crash were from Pekin, a town of about 30,000 people and the county seat of Tazewell, which boasts upwards of 135,000 people on 650-square miles of mostly farmland in central Illinois. Although the kids weren’t from the Scott’s Tremont, Ill. village, a rural area with about 2,100 residents and a grain elevator as its tallest landmark; she says the kids were part of their broader community.
Jeff Lower agrees. “It doesn’t matter where you go, somebody knows some of these teens who were dying,” says the Pekin resident and chief deputy of the Tazewell County Sheriff’s Department. “My own kids went to high school with four of the kids.”
Scott told her son what happened, fully aware he—like most teens—thought he was invincible.
What no one knew, though, was that in the 15 months from March 2005 to July 2006, Tazewell County and the surrounding communities would mourn the loss of 15 teenagers who died in crashes caused by everything from speeding, alcohol and drugs to inexperience, fatigue and poor lighting.
A month later, in October, a motorcycle crash on a dark rural road killed two boys. Three months later, alcohol and excessive speeds contributed to the deaths of two Tremont teens.
“I was at home watching TV, and we started getting phone calls about the situation,” explains Jeff Hinman, superintendent of the Tremont School District.
Photograph: Sam VarnHagen
Hinman didn’t have time to dwell on his grief. The number of teens dying on local roads was escalating, and the community was reeling. Before classes resumed, the then-high school principal needed to assemble a team to help the school’s 300 students, teachers and other staff members process their own confusion and sorrow.
“We mobilized local clergy and counselors at other schools just to provide space for kids to talk with if they need to,” Hinman says. “And then we had to make them available to attend the visitations and funerals.”
Although the tragic crashes transpired 11 years ago, like other Tazewell County residents, Drew Scott recalls where he was when he heard about his Tremont schoolmates.
“I was at church when it happened,” he says, adding he knew the boys casually. “I remember walking into school the next day, and it was silent. Every hallway was silent. They had grief counselors for us, and we spent the day sitting around and talking and connecting with people.”
His family attended both visitations, but Lisa Scott says her fear of losing her own son made acknowledging the families’ losses difficult.
What’s more, despite the eight fatalities in less than a year, Drew Scott says kids didn’t understand the magnitude of what was happening. “I think a lot of what we felt initially was that what was happening was sort of unavoidable. We, as high school kids and new drivers, didn’t realize this was unusual.”
Law enforcement did. There came a point when the Tazewell County sheriff’s deputies began to dread radio dispatches about a crash with unknown injuries.
“We all would think, ‘Oh no, is this another teenager?’ remembers Deputy Sheriff John Shallenberger.
Soon, the officers began asking what was next. “There was no pattern to it,” says Shallenberger, a Pekin resident.
Not knowing why there were so many fatalities added to the devastation.
“It wasn’t like we could say they were all speeding or they were all doing something wrong,” Lower says. “There were different reasons. There was speeding and some alcohol and drugs, sure; but one ran a stop sign. Some were just inexperienced; one cause was fatigue. We had one run into a piece of farm equipment. There were all kinds of reasons. It made me worry much more about my own children.”
Getting the life-altering call
When his mom and pop, Michelle and Gary Watson, traveled to Missouri for a family member’s funeral, Jeremy Watson did what many adventurous teenagers do when their parents are away: He invited friends over for a party. Why not? Not only was the house free from parents but also his 21-year-old brother, Josh, was at charity event for the evening.
A recent high school graduate, Jeremy and his girlfriend, Lacey, had big plans. They would live in the country and have a bunch of kids. Lacey wanted a horse; and though Jeremy had a good job working at his dad’s construction company, he’d didn’t yet have the money to buy it for her. So, before the party on June 17, he diligently bailed hay for a local farmer to work off the cost.
The next morning, as the 18-year-old’s parents made their way back home, Michelle Watson's cellphone rang.
“Our soon-to-be daughter-in-law called and asked us where we were,” explains Watson, who adds they had just stopped to grab a bite to eat. “She told us to skip lunch and come home. I asked what was going on and she hung up. I called back.”
Though Josh didn’t want them to learn while they were on the road that Jeremy was dead, Watson pried out the details.
“My heart went to my throat. Numbness. You just don’t believe what you just heard.” After that, she says there was a lot of tears and a lot of screaming.
Michelle Watson recites the story plainly though not matter-of-factly at schools and at the request of parents at their wit’s end. She says the events unfolded like this: Apparently, Josh arrived at their Topeka, Ill., home (located just outside of Tazewell) after his charity event and shut down Jeremy’s party, taking car keys from teenagers too impaired to drive. Then Jeremy and two boys—who had just gotten off work and hadn’t been drinking at the party—wanted to grab a bite. Since Jeremy, who had had a few beers, wasn’t going to be driving, Josh said no problem.
Information from detectives, the coroner and sheriff’s deputies reveals the remaining details: After leaving Steak ‘N Shake, the boys went to Walmart where Jeremy’s friends purchased a can of air dust, used mostly to clean computer keyboards. Because purchasers must be 18, the story clerk properly requested ID.
Then, Watson explains, “The driver sent a mass text message to other kids saying ‘huffing.’” Huffing is one term for inhaling chemical vapors to get high.
HUFFING the act of inhaling chemical vapors to attain a “high” feeling.
What addicts are huffing (inhaling or sniffing):
• solvents (liquids that become gas at room temperature) often used for industrial products and art and office supplies
• aerosol sprays, household items like hair spray or vegetable oil sprays
• gases, often found in lighters, whipped cream dispensers, anesthesia
• nitrites, in room deodorizer and leather cleaners
Huffing can cause:
• liver and kidney damage
• hearing loss
• bone marrow damage
• loss of coordination and limb spasms (from nerve damage)
• delayed behavioral development (from brain problems)
• brain damage (from cut-off oxygen flow to the brain)
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
It wasn’t long afterward that the driver passed out and the vehicle, which was now on a Tazewell County road, zoomed more than 1,700 feet, overturned, caught fire and killed all three 18-year-olds. It was a Sunday morning. Father’s Day. Four weeks after the teens graduated high school.
Months later, Watson learned that in the 12 hours before getting behind the wheel, the driver and other passenger had also snorted an eight-ball of cocaine and smoked five joints. “We didn’t get to see them because they were burnt so badly. They had to be identified by DNA and dental records.”
Before getting the call that changed her life, Watson says her heart went out to the parents whose children died in the previous wrecks. She knew then: “A parent should never have to bury their child.”
After burying their youngest son, the Watsons sold their house, moved to Manito, Ill., and stopped celebrating Mother’s and Father’s Day. Gary Watson has only recently begun hunting and fishing again.
Adds Michelle Watson, “For two years, we didn’t do Christmas and didn’t do Thanksgiving. Your whole world falls apart.”
Coming together for change
Everybody wanted to do something, but nobody knew what to do, says Chief Deputy Lower. “It just seemed like there was no end.”
Everyone from the Sheriff’s department and Health Department to teens, parents and business leaders began working toward solutions. Deputy Shallenberger says deputies started running ideas by students on the County Youth Board. “They helped us create videos talking about what they went through.”
Youth Board member Drew Scott said the group was addressing issues of youth drug prevention and sex, but made drunk driving prevention and seatbelt use another priority.
The community soon established the four-part Tazewell Teen Initiative, a multifaceted intergovernmental group made up of Enforcement, Engineering, Emergency and Education subcommittees.
Enforcement was a partnership between the Sheriff’s office, Illinois State Police, County Coroner and local law enforcement.
• Worked 1,200 extra traffic hours
• Issued nearly 2,000 citations
• Stopped nearly 2,200 vehicles
• Created drunkstopper.com, an anonymous phone and e-mail tip hotline for reporting underage drinking parties
• Created Wheel Rewards giveaways
• Established Shoulder-to-Shoulder, showing their support for students at high school football and basketball games
“We started giving kids safety citations—like a prepaid gas card or something like it—when they did well,” Shallenberger says. “Students who maintained good grades and didn’t get a ticket during the year would get entered into a drawing to win a car.”
The Engineering subcommittee reviewed various roadways to identify and improve the most dangerous intersections and installed better signage, including the bright arrows called chevrons, signaling to drivers that a potentially dangerous curve is coming. Emergency Services (EMTs and fire personnel) united to find solutions. And the Education subcommittee, comprised of teens, the Health Department, Illinois Department of Transportation (IDot), the American Red Cross and others, created billboards and radio and television commercials.
Mike Stout, then director of the Division of Traffic Safety for IDot and a Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) representative, says county and city, town law enforcement, state police, school superintendents, high school representatives, businesses and municipalities all gathered to discuss the issues.
At the same time, a state task force was discussing the lack of restrictions on new teenage drivers. Informing them about the tragedies in Tazewell County helped push them toward adopting graduated driver’s licenses, explains Stout, who’s now retired.
Then, the state’s Secretary of Transportation told Stout about Ford Driving Skills for Life, a free program Ford Motor Company Fund, the GHSA and safety experts founded in 2003 to help teens gain safe driving skills beyond what’s taught in most driver education programs.
Ford challenges students to do better
Ford DSFL proposed a challenge where each of the seven high schools would develop their own teen safe driving programs, and then present those programs for judging a few months later, says Jim Graham, global manager for Ford DSFL.
In 2007, each school received a $3,000 budget toward its programs. At the end, they could win $5,000 toward a school party and savings bonds.
Schools held safety days that included a poster contest and yielded slogans like “A Click Every Time Keeps the Cops Off Your Behind.”
Scott says Tremont High School started with seatbelt use. “We just hid and, as covertly as we could, watched to see how many students came in and went out with seatbelts,” says Scott. “We would do announcements on the intercom about how well we did.”
Graham and Stout remember Dee Mack High School in Mackinaw, Ill., covering the town with signs, and messages related to safe driving.
“We did the program and then all the schools got to come to the ride-and-drive event, which we’re doing the 10th anniversary on,” Shallenberger says. “It was neat to see how they worked together.”
Superintendent Hinman says on top of the news stories surrounding the crashes, having Ford DSFL come into the community created an awareness. “It made people think ‘Oh, my gosh. This is really important.’”
Advanced drivers training from Ford Driving Skills for Life
What: Ford DSFL, Tazewell County, Illinois Department of Transportation and others in Illinois mark 10 years of engagement as part of the Operation Teen Safe Driving program established in Tazewell County in 2007
When: Thursday, May 18, 2017
8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m.: Hands-on drivers training for Tazewell County teen drivers
10 a.m.: Press conference
Where: Illinois Army National Guard - hanger
2323 S. Airport Rd., Peoria, Ill 61607
More important than the competition, Graham says, was the hands-on driving clinic program that followed. DSFL selected students, faculty, driver’s education teachers and others from each school and set up a small course at Pekin airport. The program put participants through real-world driver training with professional drivers from all over the United States.
“A lot of the crashes happened because they were speeding or because of lack of skills,” Graham says. “We focused on providing advance driving skills and on changing their mindset about driving. Making sure they don’t speed, don’t drink and drive, that they buckle up. We taught them about spacing between vehicles and potential hazards, about what to do when there’s something in front of you, about impaired driving. Our hope was they would learn some things and take it back to the schools and then that information would cascade to the kids who didn’t get to go.”
Hinman recollects the simulation where kids would put on goggles and drive golf carts. “That was an eye-opening experience for them because they were able to experience what impaired driving felt like. It hit home because they could compare it to what it was like when you were not impaired.”
The professional drivers showed Drew Scott what to do if his car went into a skid. His mom, Lisa Scott, gained an appreciation for how kids watch their parents and absorb driving habits from them. She also realized it takes more than parents to teach good driving skills and that most schools don’t have the resources to teach kids what they need to know. “When we tell our kids stuff, they don’t really listen. But when a professional driver is putting the car in a skid and getting it out, they listen.
“That tragedy was terrifying,” Scott adds. “We as a community, as parents and as a student body took the resources Ford had to offer and worked with the kids closely to reduce teen deaths.”
Indeed, after the County united and the DSFL program started, Shallenberger says the community went five years without one teen fatality. He says the program even went statewide, to 105 high schools.
Graham says the eight-year statewide program, called Operation Teen Safe Driving, was a partnership between Ford DSFL, the Illinois Department of Transportation and Allstate Insurance. “Each school got a financial stipend for them to do things in their school and in their community to get the word out about teen safe driving, just like in Tazewell County,” he says.
In all, Graham estimates Operation Teen Safe Driving, which received national awards, trained more than 300,000 students, parents and community and business leaders.
“At the end of those eight years, teen deaths in Illinois declined 50 percent. That’s huge,” Graham says. “Graduated driver’s licenses helped. Everybody working together helped. That’s a big deal.”
Shallenberger and Deputy Chuck Linton—who helped develop the Tazewell County’s Decision Driving program and promote Operation Teen Safe Driving—along with deputies Jeff Rogers and Rich Brock, continued educating teens even after the program ended.
Even Michelle Watson began educating students and parents about the dangers of impaired driving. “I jumped in the following year (2007) and started speaking at the schools when the Red Cross started doing these mock prom crashes,” she says.
She tells students: “My son, Jeremy, had a job, a girlfriend, a four-wheeler. He had a dog. He had a life. Don’t make your mom have to pick out your casket. Make your choices wisely. If you get into trouble, call your parents. Yeah, they are going to be upset, but at least you’ll be alive.”
She adds, “If I can save one parent, I’ve done my job.”
“Now we teach kids about distracted driving. We sit with the kids and show them how badly they drive while texting and driving. We take them to the school’s parking lots. Now we have heroin issues, and we try to educate on what’s going on. We don’t want to go back to that, where we had 15 teens killed.”
~ John Shallenberger, Deputy Sheriff, Tazewell County Sheriff's Office, who still meets with the youth board
“We have a drunk suit and a drug suit we have been using for a about three years. The drug suit simulates five different drugs including heroin, prescription drugs, and legal recreation drugs. Even if kids are smoking pot, they should not be driving. We are constantly learning new things and have adapted our program over the years.”
~Jim Graham, Global manager, Ford Driving Skills for Life
“Students now don’t have knowledge of what life was like in the aftermath of the accidents. I still believe program provided the opportunity to impress on our students the value of safe driving, the value of defensive driving and the responsibility they assume whenever they drive a car. I think we’ve come a long way with drinking and driving, but there’s still a ways to go. I don’t ever want to claim we’re out of the woods with that. Our young people have an awareness of drinking and driving that’s way better than previous generations. But now it’s with cellphone. Trying to get them from driving distracted.”
~Jeff Hinman, Superintendent Tremont School District
“A lot of what we started is still in existence today. The Tazewell County Teen Initiative program is still working with the drunk goggles and the golf carts. My younger brother went through that—he’s 8 years younger than me—to see that I had an impact means a lot. My 14-year-old sister will do driver’s ed next year.”
~Drew Scott, first-year Operation Teen Safe Driving participant and now a teacher at LeRoy Elementary School in LeRoy, Ill.
“At the time texting was fairly new. Today, we take that as an everyday thing. I really had to look at my habits and make sure I was doing things I expected my (younger son) to do behind the wheel. It made me think there’s nothing so important that I cannot wait to reply to a text.”
~Lisa Scott, executive director of a trade association and mother of three